Median joining haplotype network of B. ignitus based on 458-bp partial COI gene. Each circle represents one haplotype and the size is proportional to its frequency among the studied sequences. Small black dashes represent mutational steps (Belgium = commercial population).

 
 
  Part of: Mohamadzade Namin S, Huang J, An J, Jung C (2023) ´╗┐Genetic variation and phylogenetic relationships of commercial populations of Bombus ignitus (Hymenoptera, Apidae) with wild populations in Eastern Asia. Journal of Hymenoptera Research 96: 495-506. https://doi.org/10.3897/jhr.96.102569