Concatenated 28S and COI phylogram of the Smilax gall inhabitants estimated using Maximum Likelihood framework in IQ-TREE2. Black dots at the nodes indicate ≥90% ultrafast bootstrap support. Inset images in counterclockwise order: Stem gall induced by Aprostocetus smilax on Smilax havanensis, with emergence holes (photo by MWG); A. smilax, Sycophila smilax, Phylloxeroxenus smilax.

  Part of: Gates MW, Zhang YM, Buffington ML (2020) The great greenbriers gall mystery resolved? New species of Aprostocetus Westwood (Hymenoptera, Eulophidae) gall inducer and two new parasitoids (Hymenoptera, Eurytomidae) associated with Smilax L. in southern Florida, USA. Journal of Hymenoptera Research 80: 71-98.