Life history traits of Lagideus podocarpus. a A patch of the host plant Fuchsia vulcanica b a plant with feeding damage, seen from above c–e larvae attached to the underside of leaves, seen from below f a larva that just moulted with exuvia visible g, h prepupal stage i cocoon j screenshot of a video clip, the thorax of the larva was touched with flexible forceps a second before k, l two screenshots of a video clip performed during a bioassay, both being spaced by 1 sec: an ant is approaching the larva (first screenshot), then touching it, which immediately provokes the defensive behaviour of the larva that directs its caudal filaments towards its aggressor (second screenshot).

  Part of: Boevé J-L, Marín-Armijos DS, Domínguez DF, Smith DR (2016) Sawflies (Hymenoptera: Argidae, Pergidae, Tenthredinidae) from southern Ecuador, with a new record for the country and some ecological data. Journal of Hymenoptera Research 51: 55-89.