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Checklist of the sawflies (Hymenoptera) of Canada, Alaska and Greenland
expand article infoHenri Goulet, Andrew M. R. Bennett
‡ Canadian National Collection of Insects, Ottawa, Canada
Open Access

Abstract

A distributional checklist of the sawflies (Hymenoptera) of Canada, Alaska (USA) and Greenland (Denmark) is presented. In total, 758 extant, described species, classified in 113 genera in 12 families are recorded. Of these, 729 (in 113 genera in 12 families) are reported from Canada, 183 (in 48 genera in 8 families) from Alaska, and 7 (in 1 genus) from Greenland. The list includes 69 new species records and 5 new generic records for Canada and 29 new species records and 7 new generic records for Alaska. The family Xiphydriidae is also newly recorded from Alaska. No new records are reported from Greenland. Eighty-four new combinations are proposed for species of Nematinae (Tenthredinidae). Distributions are listed for all species, for those in Canada by province or territory, except the province of Newfoundland and Labrador is divided into the island of Newfoundland and the region of Labrador. This inventory is compared with previous Nearctic and Palaearctic surveys, checklists and catalogues.

Keywords

Northern North America, sawflies, species distributions

Introduction

Sawflies (including horntails) comprise an ancient series of lineages in the order Hymenoptera. Including fossils, there are 8618 described species of sawflies in the world (Taeger et al. 2018) compared to a total of about 154,000 in the order Hymenoptera (Huber 2017). The earliest known fossils of Hymenoptera are sawflies of the family Xyelidae (Riek 1955; Lara et al. 2014) from the middle to late Triassic. Previously, sawflies were classified in the suborder Symphyta (Smith 1979a); however, morphology-based phylogenetic studies on the order Hymenoptera established that sawflies were part of a paraphyletic grade of lineages that diverged prior to the origin of the suborder Apocrita, a clade that includes all other extant families of Hymenoptera (Königsmann 1977; Rasnitsyn 1988; Ronquist et al. 1999). This hypothesis of relationships has been supported by more recent studies using molecular data, e.g., Heraty et al. 2011; Peters et al. 2017. In most of these studies, the sawfly superfamily Xyeloidea (family Xyelidae) is sister group to all other Hymenoptera (but see Peters et al. 2017) and superfamily Orussoidea (family Orussidae) is sister group to Apocrita. Sawflies are currently classified into seven extant superfamilies and fourteen extant families (Taeger et al. 2010, 2018). All extant superfamilies are present in northern North America with representatives of all families except for Blasticotomidae (Tenthredinoidea) and Megalodontesidae (Pamphilioidea) (Taeger et al. 2018; Bennett et al. 2019) (Table 1 and Figs 226).

In terms of biology, all sawflies are herbivorous as larvae, except for Orussoidea which are parasitoids of horntails (Hymenoptera: Siricidae) (Rawlings 1957) and wood-boring beetles (Coleoptera) (Powell and Turner 1975). Most larvae are external feeders on angiosperms, but some taxa feed externally on conifers, for example, Diprionidae (Benson 1939), Pamphiliidae (Middlekauff 1958) as well as some Tenthredinidae (e.g., Prous et al. 2017). A few taxa, mostly in the tenthredinid subfamily Selandriinae, feed externally on ferns (Smith 1969b). Feeding inside plants has evolved several times, for example, wood-boring in Anaxyelidae (Wickman 1967), Siricidae (Schiff et al. 2012) and Xiphydriidae (Smith 1976a). Some larvae develop internally in stems, especially stem sawflies (Cephidae) (Ries 1937), whereas others feed and develop inside reproductive organs of their host plants, e,g,, species of Xyela Dahlman (Xyelidae) in the staminate cones of pine trees (Pinus Linnaeus) (Burdick 1961). Some species, especially in the genus Euura Newman have larvae that are gall-makers (Benson 1960). In addition, some are leaf-miners, especially within the tenthredinid subfamily Heterarthrinae (Leppänen et al. 2012). Because of their herbivory, some species can be pests, e.g., the wheat stem sawfly, Cephus cinctus Norton (Cephidae) is a widespread pest of wheat and other cereals in North America (Shanower and Hoelmer 2004) and Sirex noctilio Fabricius (Siricidae), a recent invasive species in North America, is a major pest of pine trees in many parts of the world (Hoebeke et al. 2005). As adults, most sawflies, especially females, feed on pollen and nectar, but some taxa, especially in the tenthredinid subfamilies Allantinae, Selandriinae and Tenthredininae are active predators of other insects (Benson 1950) (Fig. 17).

On a world level, sawfly researchers are very well-served by the online Electronic World Catalog of Symphyta (ECatSym) (Taeger et al. 2018), which provides a comprehensive compilation of the taxonomic and distributional information and literature sources for all species of sawflies. With respect to surveys of sawflies within the Nearctic region, the catalogue of Smith (1979a) recorded 992 species in America North of Mexico and included distributional ranges for all species, including those known in Alaska and Greenland up to 1974. Masner et al. (1979) calculated the number of described species of sawflies by family in Canada (443). A comprehensive survey of the sawflies of the state of Alaska (USA) has not been made since Smith (1979a), whereas Vilhelmsen (2015) recently reviewed the sawflies of Greenland. Taxonomically, the Nearctic sawfly fauna is very well-studied relative to other groups of Hymenoptera (see references in Table 2), and on a regional level is probably better studied than any other part of the world except for Europe (see comparison in Results and Discussion). Historically, early workers provided catalogues of Nearctic sawflies, e.g., Edward Norton (1867, 1868). In the late 19th and early 20th centuries Alexander MacGillivray and, later, Sievert Rohwer both described over 500 species of sawflies (Taeger et al. 2010), the majority of which were Nearctic. In addition, Charles Marlatt revised the North American species of the taxonomically challenging tenthredinid subfamily Nematinae (Marlatt 1896). Starting in the 1930s Herbert Ross contributed to our knowledge of Nearctic sawflies, most importantly with his classification of the genera (Ross 1937) as well as his catalog of the sawflies of North America, north of Mexico (Ross 1951). More recently, from the 1960s to the present, David Smith revised many groups, described over 500 species and provided the catalogue of the sawflies of America North of Mexico (Smith 1979a). Goulet (1992) provided keys to the genera and subgenera of the sawflies of Canada and Alaska. It is the purpose of this paper to provide a distributional checklist of the sawflies of Canada, Alaska and Greenland, incorporating previously published, substantiated records as well as new records based on authoritatively identified specimens.

Methods

Sources of data

Most records in this study are based on examination of specimens deposited in the Canadian National Collection of Insects, Arachnids and Nematodes, Ottawa (CNC). Other examined specimens are deposited in the following collections (with current curator and acronym used in Table 2): Centre for Biodiversity Genomics, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada (J. deWaard) (BIOUG); California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco California, USA (R. Zuparko) (CAS); Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA (J. Dombroskie) (CUIC); University of Guelph Insect Collection, Guelph, Ontario, Canada (S. Marshall) (DEBU); Utah State University, Logan, UT, USA (D. Wahl) (EMUS); Florida State Collection of Arthropods, Gainesville, FL, USA (E. Talamas) (FSCA); Illinois Natural History Survey, Champaign, Illinois, USA (T. McElrath) (INHS), Northern Forestry Centre, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada (D. Langor) (NOFC); Collection Entomologique Ouellet-Robert, Département des Sciences Biologiques, Université de Montréal, QC, Canada (E. Normandin-Leclerc) (QMOR); Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (D.C. Darling) (ROM); Senckenberg Deutsches Entomologisches Institut, Müncheberg, Germany (A. Taeger) (SDEI); University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, AK, USA (D. Sikes) (UAM); University of Alberta, Strickland Museum, Edmonton, AB, Canada (F. Sperling) (UASM); National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, USA (D. Smith) (USNM). Some records are based on literature sources for which specimens could not be examined (literature citations shown in Table 2). A few records are based on comparison of DNA barcodes and photos on the Barcode of Life Datasystems (BOLD) website (Ratnasingham and Hebert 2007). These are denoted with the BIOUG acronym in Table 2. Finally, we do mention records from the 242 km2 French Overseas Collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon islands located 25 km from the southern coast of Newfoundland that were obtained from the TAXREF database (Gargominy et al. 2020) managed by the Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, Paris, but specimens were not examined and these records are only mentioned in the text, not included in Table 2. We did not include any other records known only from websites or museum databases. We only include described species, not undescribed taxa or specimens identified only to genus. Fossils are not included in the checklist. All records published up to October 1, 2020 were evaluated for the current checklist.

Presentation of data

Distributions of taxa are indicated using acronyms of 18, mostly political regions of northern (mostly north of 45° latitude) North America. For practical purposes the province of Newfoundland and Labrador is divided into the island of Newfoundland and the region of Labrador on mainland Canada. The acronyms used for the regions are: AK = Alaska (USA), GL = Greenland (Denmark), CAN = Canada and, within Canada, AB = Alberta, BC = British Columbia, LB = Labrador, MB = Manitoba, NB = New Brunswick, NF = Newfoundland island, NS = Nova Scotia, NT = Northwest Territories, NU = Nunavut, ON = Ontario, PE = Prince Edward Island, QC = Quebec, SK = Saskatchewan, SPM = Saint Pierre and Miquelon, YT = Yukon Territory. These regions are shown in Fig. 1. The distributional data are presented in two ways. Table 1 is a summary of the numbers of described, recorded species of sawflies in Canada, Alaska and Greenland totalled for each family by region. Table 2 is the species checklist arranged alphabetically by superfamily for the same regions. The regions are depicted in the tables approximately from West to East beginning with northernmost continental North America (AK to NU) and then across more southern Canada (BC to NF), to Greenland, which provides a pictorial representation of the species’ overall west-to-east distribution across northern North America. It contains three types of distributional records: 1) a published record for which we have examined a specimen; 2) a new (unpublished) record for which we have examined a specimen or a photo and sequence on the BOLD website; and 3) a published record for which we have not examined a specimen, but which we trust. Records from BOLD were considered as new (unpublished) records. The different types of records are indicated by different fonts and colours in Table 2 (see Table heading).

Literature references (shown in the far right column of Table 2) are only noted for previously published records for which no specimens were examined. Relevant major references for higher taxa, e.g., revisions of genera, regional checklists, are cited directly under the higher taxon names in Table 2. Our list is not a catalogue, therefore other than for most species of Nematinae (Tenthredinidae) (see below), synonyms and previous combinations are generally not included; these can be found in Taeger et al (2018). In addition to the published checklist, the data presented in Table 2 have been added to Canadensys (https://data.canadensys.net/ipt/resource?r=aafc-hymenoptera-canada-ak-gl) and are also registered on GBIF (Bennett 2021b).

Classification

Classification follows Taeger et al. (2018) except for the spelling of Anaxyeloidea Martynov, 1925, instead of Anaxyleoidea. Of note, the checklist follows the relatively recent changes to the generic classification of Nematinae (Prous et al. 2014). For ease of use, previous taxonomic combinations are provided for those species that recently moved genus, e.g., most of the species now placed in Euura. For those combinations suggested by Taeger et al. (2018), but not yet formally published, we propose them as new. In total 84 new combinations in Euura and Nematus Panzer are proposed (see Table 2).

Results and discussion

A total of 758 described, extant species of sawflies in 113 genera in 12 families are recorded in Canada, Alaska and Greenland (Tables 1, 2). This represents 8.2% of the 9250 species of Hymenoptera recorded from northern North America (Bennett 2021a). Of these, 729 species, in the same 113 genera and 12 families, are recorded from Canada. This is a 64.6% increase from the 443 species reported in Masner et al. (1979). Taeger et al. (2018) recorded 1245 extant described species in the Nearctic region, which means that northern North America has about 61% of the described Nearctic species, not taking into account new distributional records and species not included in Taeger et al. (2018).

Table 1.

Described, recorded species of sawflies in Canada, Alaska and Greenland totalled for each taxon and in each region. See Methods (Presentation of data) for description of distributional acronyms and Fig. 1 for a map of their locations. Northwest Territories (NT) and Newfoundland (NF) totals each include six ambiguous records that may have been collected in Nunavut (NU) or Labrador (LB), respectively (denoted by NT* and NF* in Table 2).

Taxon CAN+AK+GL CAN(New) AK YT NT NU BC AB SK MB ON QC NB PE NS LB NF GL
ANAXYELOIDEA 1 1 (0) 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Anaxyelidae 1 1 (0) 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
CEPHOIDEA 12 12(2) 0 0 0 0 7 3 3 5 7 6 1 0 5 0 1 0
Cephidae 12 12(2) 0 0 0 0 7 3 3 5 7 6 1 0 5 0 1 0
ORUSSOIDEA 5 5(1) 0 0 0 0 2 0 1 1 4 2 0 0 0 0 0 0
Orussidae 5 5(1) 0 0 0 0 2 0 1 1 4 2 0 0 0 0 0 0
PAMPHILIOIDEA 55 54(5) 6 1 1 0 25 15 10 16 40 35 25 3 19 2 8 0
Pamphiliidae 55 54(5) 6 1 1 0 25 15 10 16 40 35 25 3 19 2 8 0
SIRICOIDEA 28 28(2) 4 3 3 2 14 11 10 10 17 15 10 5 11 4 4 0
Siricidae 20 20(0) 3 3 2 2 13 11 9 8 10 10 7 4 8 3 4 0
Xiphydriidae 8 8(2) 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 2 7 5 3 1 3 1 0 0
TENTHREDINOIDEA 641 613(56) 172 84 104 41 251 213 133 217 393 346 172 37 166 58 80 7
Argidae 29 29(3) 4 3 4 0 10 9 4 11 21 19 10 2 9 1 2 0
Cimbicidae 10 9(2) 4 4 4 1 6 6 4 4 7 6 3 0 3 2 4 0
Diprionidae 25 25(1) 2 0 0 0 8 4 3 10 21 15 11 2 7 2 4 0
Pergidae 4 4(0) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 3 0 0 2 0 0 0
Tenthredinidae 573 546(50) 162 77 96 40 227 194 122 192 341 303 148 33 145 53 70 7
XYELOIDEA 16 16(3) 1 4 3 0 8 6 1 0 10 7 1 0 2 0 1 0
Xyelidae 16 16(3) 1 4 3 0 8 6 1 0 10 7 1 0 2 0 1 0
TOTALS 758 729(69) 183 92 111 43 308 248 158 249 471 411 209 45 203 64 94 7

Relative to other parts of the Northern Hemisphere, Canada’s sawfly fauna is less speciose and/or less well-known than other countries/regions. The land mass of Canada is 9.985 million km2, which equates to one species per 13,697 km2. Adding Alaska (1.718 million km2) and Greenland (2.166 million km2) to this calculation, the average species density of sawflies in northern North America is one species per 18,297 km2. In contrast, Taeger et al. (2006) published a checklist of the sawflies of Europe, which recorded 1392 species of sawflies. Considering the land mass of Europe (10.18 million km2), this equals an average of one sawfly species per 7313 km2. Other Northern Hemisphere sawfly surveys include Liston et al. (2014) for Britain and Ireland (539 species in 313,100 km2 = one species per 580.9 km2), Naito et al. (2020) for Japan (875 species in 377,915 km2 = one species per 431.9 km2) and Macek et al. (2020) for the Czech and Slovak Republics (750 species in 127,901 = one species per 170.5 km2). Because of the great differences in the geographic size of these three surveys compared to northern Northern America, it is difficult to make comparisons. A more appropriate comparison of sawfly species diversity between northern North America and a Palaearctic country is provided by Sundukov (2017) who recorded 1546 species in Russia (surface area 17.1 million km2), which equals an average of one sawfly species per 11,060 km2. In summary, surveys of smaller areas generally have greater density of sawfly species recorded (except for northern North America compared to Russia), and there is a higher density of sawfly species recorded in all of the Palaearctic surveys compared to the northern Nearctic. The lower species richness of sawflies recorded from the northern Nearctic compared to the Palaearctic is likely an effect of lower sampling in the Nearctic. The western Palaearctic is certainly the best sampled region of the world for most groups of organisms, including sawflies. In conjunction with greater sampling, there has been more study of sawflies in Europe compared to northern North America, especially the hyperdiverse Nematinae. For example, Pristiphora Latreille has 221 described species (Taeger et al. 2018) of which about 120 are known from Europe (Prous et al. 2017). Haris (2006) treated the European species relatively recently and provided a key for 155 Palaearctic species, and Prous et al. (2017) revised 90 species from Scandinavia and neighbouring regions. In contrast, Pristiphora has only 55 described species in the entire Nearctic region (24.7 million km2) (Taeger et al. 2018) and has never been completely revised for the region, although unpublished work by H.R. Wong indicates that many undescribed Nearctic species exist and a revision of the genus for the region is currently in progress (S. Monckton, pers. comm.).

Figure 1. 

Map of Canada, Alaska and Greenland showing number of described, recorded sawfly species and percentage of total species for each region. Canada is comprised of all regions except for Alaska and Greenland. See Methods, Presentation of data section for acronyms of regions treated in the checklist.

Table 2.

Checklist of described species of sawflies of Canada, Alaska and Greenland. See Methods for description of acronyms of regions and Fig. 1 for their locations. Black, regular font records are previously published and a specimen has been examined. Red, boldface records are new (unpublished) and a specimen has been examined. All specimens examined are deposited in the CNC, except if a depository acronym is noted in the far right column. Blue, italicized records are previously published but no specimen has been examined. Literature references are only noted for italicized records. For species with multiple italicized records based on multiple references, the references are listed in order from left to right, corresponding with the distributional records depicted from left to right, unless otherwise noted. An asterisk (*) denotes a record that was collected prior to the establishment of Nunavut or Labrador, and it is uncertain whether the record is from the Northwest Territories or Nunavut, or from the island of Newfoundland or Labrador, respectively. § indicates a species that has been introduced from outside of North America in the last 500 years and has established a population.

ORDER HYMENOPTERA
SUPERFAMILY ANAXYELOIDEA
FAMILY ANAXYELIDAE
Genus Syntexis Rohwer, 1915
S. libocedrii Rohwer, 1915 CAN BC
SUPERFAMILY CEPHOIDEA
FAMILY CEPHIDAE
Nearctic revision – Ries 1937
Genus Caenocephus Konow, 1896
C. aldrichi Bradley, 1905 CAN BC
Genus Calameuta Konow, 1896
Key to Nearctic species – Smith and Schiff 2005
C. clavata (Norton, 1869) CAN BC
Genus Cephus Latreille, 1802
C. cinctus Norton, 1872 CAN BC AB SK MB ON QC
C. pygmeus (Linnaeus, 1767) § CAN ON NS Goulet 1987
Genus Janus Stephens, 1835
Key to Nearctic species – Smith and Solomon 1989
J. abbreviatus (Say, 1824) CAN AB SK MB ON QC NS Emond and Wong 1987
J. bimaculatus (Norton, 1869) CAN ON QC NS NS-BIOUG
J. integer (Norton, 1861) CAN BC AB SK MB ON QC NF Smith 1979a
Genus Phylloecus Newman, 1838
(= Hartigia Schiødte: see Liston and Prous 2014). Nearctic Revision – Smith 1986c as Hartigia
P. bicinctus Provancher, 1875 CAN MB ON QC
P. cowichanus (Ries, 1937) CAN BC
P. riesi (D.R. Smith, 1986) CAN BC
P. trimaculatus (Say, 1824) CAN BC MB ON QC NB NS BC, MB-Ries 1937; NB-Smith 1986c
Genus Trachelus Jurine, 1807
T. tabidus (Fabricius, 1775) § CAN NS
SUPERFAMILY ORUSSOIDEA
FAMILY ORUSSIDAE
Genus Orussus Latreille, 1796
Nearctic revision – Middlekauff 1983
O. minutus Middlekauff, 1983 CAN MB ON Skvarla et al. 2015
O. occidentalis Cresson, 1879 CAN BC SK ON Middlekauff 1983
O. sayii Westwood, 1835 CAN ON QC
O. terminalis Newman, 1838 CAN ON QC
O. thoracicus Ashmead, 1898 CAN BC INHS
SUPERFAMILY PAMPHILIOIDEA
FAMILY PAMPHILIIDAE
SUBFAMILY CEPHALCIINAE
Genus Acantholyda Costa, 1894
Nearctic revision – Middlekauff 1958
Subgenus Acantholyda Costa, 1894
A. erythrocephala (Linnaeus, 1758) § CAN AB ON QC AB-NOFC
A. pini Rohwer, 1911 CAN ON QC NB
Subgenus Itycorsia Konow, 1894
A. albomarginata (Cresson, 1880) CAN AK BC ON NS
A. angulata (MacGillivray, 1912) CAN MB ON QC NB Middlekauff 1958
A. atrata (Cresson, 1880) CAN AK BC
A. balanata (MacGillivray, 1923) CAN BC MB ON QC NB NS
A. brunnicans (Norton, 1864) CAN BC AB NB
A. brunniceps (Cresson, 1880) CAN ON QC NB Middlekauff 1958
A. bucephala (Cresson, 1880) CAN BC
A. burkei Middlekauff, 1958 CAN BC AB
A. chicoutimiensis (Huart, 1879) CAN ON QC
A. circumcincta (Klug, 1808) CAN QC NB Middlekauff 1958
A. crocina Middlekauff, 1958 CAN BC
A. luteomaculata (Cresson, 1880) CAN SK MB ON QC NB NS
A. maculiventris (Norton, 1869) CAN BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS LB NF
A. ochrocera (Norton, 1869) CAN BC SK ON QC NB NS
A. ruficeps (Harrington, 1893) CAN BC SK ON QC NB
A. terminalis (Cresson, 1880) CAN BC
A. tesselata (Klug, 1808) CAN ON QC NB
A. verticalis (Cresson, 1880) CAN BC AB NB Middlekauff 1958
A. zappei (Rohwer, 1920) CAN BC ON QC NB
Genus Cephalcia Panzer, 1803
Key to Nearctic species – Eidt 1969
C. californica Middlekauff, 1958 CAN BC AB Eidt 1969
C. distincta (MacGillivray, 1912) CAN ON QC NB NS NF Eidt 1969
C. fascipennis (Cresson, 1880) CAN BC AB SK MB ON QC NB PE NS Eidt 1969
C. frontalis (Westwood, 1874) CAN ON
C. fulviceps (Rohwer, 1910) CAN ON QC NB
C. marginata Middlekauff, 1953 CAN QC NB NS
C. nigra Middlekauff, 1958 CAN ON NB NS Eidt 1969
C. provancheri (Huart, 1879) CAN AK YT BC AB SK MB ON QC NB PE NS NF Eidt 1969
C. semidea (Cresson, 1880) CAN ON QC NB NS NF
SUBFAMILY PAMPHILIINAE
Genus Neurotoma Konow, 1897
Nearctic revision – Middlekauff 1958
N. crataegi Middlekauff, 1940 CAN SK MB ON SK-INHS
N. edwardi Liston, 1996 = N. fasciata (Norton, 1862) CAN ON QC Smith 1979a
N. inconspicua (Norton, 1869) CAN BC MB ON QC NB LB NF Middlekauff 1958
N. willi Middlekauff, 1958 CAN ON
Genus Onycholyda Takeuchi, 1938
Nearctic revision – Middlekauff 1964
O. excavata (Norton, 1869) CAN BC ON QC
O. luteicornis (Norton, 1869) CAN AB SK MB ON QC NB NS NF Middlekauff 1964
O. multisignata (Norton, 1864) CAN NT BC AB SK MB ON NT-INHS
O. nigritibialis (Rohwer, 1912) CAN AB SK MB ON QC NS NF AB, SK-Middlekauff 1964; NS-Goulet 1987
O. quebecensis (Provancher, 1878) CAN ON QC NS Goulet 1987
O. rufofasciata (Norton, 1869) CAN AB MB ON QC NB PE NS NF Middlekauff 1964
O. sitkensis (Kincaid, 1900) CAN AK BC Kincaid 1900
Genus Pamphilius Latreille, 1803
Nearctic revision – Middlekauff 1964
P. burquei (Provancher, 1878) CAN ON QC Smith 1979a; Smith 1975b
P. cinctus Harrington, 1893 CAN ON QC
P. infuscatus Middlekauff, 1964 CAN BC AB ON QC Middlekauff 1964
P. middlekauffi Shinohara & D.R. Smith, 1983 CAN BC MB ON QC NB NS Goulet 1987
P. ochreipes (Cresson, 1880) CAN AK BC AB MB ON QC NS AK, MB-Middlekauff 1964; NS-Goulet 1987
P. pacificus (Norton, 1869) CAN BC AB
P. palachei (Ashmead, 1902) AK Middlekauff 1964
P. pallimaculus (Norton, 1869) CAN BC ON QC NS Goulet 1987
P. persicum MacGillivray, 1907 CAN ON QC Middlekauff 1964
P. phyllisae Middlekauff, 1964 CAN ON QC NB Middlekauff 1964
P. rileyi (Cresson, 1880) CAN ON
P. semicinctus (Norton, 1862) CAN ON QC NS Middlekauff 1964
P. uniunguis Middlekauff, 1964 CAN MB
P. vernalis Middlekauff, 1964 CAN MB
FAMILY SIRICIDAE
Nearctic Revision – Schiff et al. 2012
SUBFAMILY SIRICINAE
Genus Sirex Linnaeus, 1761
S. abietinus Goulet, 2012 CAN YT BC AB Schiff et al. 2012
S. areolatus (Cresson, 1868) CAN BC NS Schiff et al. 2012
S. behrensii (Cresson, 1880) CAN BC
S. californicus (Ashmead, 1904) CAN BC AB
S. cyaneus Fabricius, 1781 CAN AB SK MB ON QC NB NS LB NF Schiff et al. 2012
S. longicauda Middlekauff, 1948 CAN BC Schiff et al. 2012
S. nigricornis Fabricius, 1781 CAN BC AB SK ON QC
S. nitidus (T. W. Harris, 1841) CAN AK YT NT NU BC AB SK MB ON QC NB PE NS LB NF Schiff et al. 2012
S. noctilio Fabricius, 1793 § CAN MB ON QC Schiff et al. 2012
S. varipes Walker, 1866 CAN BC AB Schiff et al. 2012
Genus Urocerus Geoffroy, 1785
Key to Nearctic species – Smith 1987; Schiff et al. 2012
U. albicornis (Fabricius, 1781) CAN BC AB SK MB ON QC NB PE NS NF
U. californicus Norton, 1869 CAN BC
U. cressoni Norton, 1864 CAN SK MB ON QC NB PE NS
U. flavicornis (Fabricius, 1781) CAN AK YT NT NU BC AB SK MB ON QC NB PE NS LB NF Schiff et al. 2012
U. sah (Mocsáry, 1881) § CAN QC
U. taxodii (Ashmead, 1904) CAN ON
SUBFAMILY TREMICINAE
Genus Tremex Jurine, 1807
T. columba (Linnaeus, 1763) CAN AB SK MB ON QC NB NS Schiff et al. 2012
Genus Xeris Costa, 1894
World revision: – Goulet et al. 2015
X. caudatus Cresson, 1865 CAN AK BC AB SK Goulet et al. 2015
X. indecisus MacGillivray, 1893 CAN BC
X. melancholicus Westwood, 1874 CAN AB SK MB ON QC NB NS
FAMILY XIPHYDRIIDAE
Genus Xiphydria Latreille, 1802
Nearctic revision – Smith 1976a
X. abdominalis Say, 1824 CAN ON QC
X. canadensis Provancher, 1875 CAN QC
X. champlaini Rohwer, 1921 CAN ON
X. hicoriae Rohwer, 1918 CAN ON
X. maculata Say, 1836 CAN MB ON QC NB PE NS Smith 1976a
X. mellipes T.W. Harris, 1841 CAN AK NT BC SK MB ON QC NB NS LB UAM
X. prolongata (Geoffrey, 1785) § CAN ON
X. tibialis Say, 1824 CAN ON QC NB NS
SUPERFAMILY TENTHREDINOIDEA
FAMILY ARGIDAE
SUBFAMILY ARGINAE
Genus Arge Schrank, 1802
Nearctic revision – Smith 1989
A. abdominalis (Leach, 1817) CAN ON QC NB NS
A. borealis (Kirby, 1882) CAN MB ON QC NB NS Smith 1989
A. clavicornis (Fabricius, 1781) CAN AK NT BC AB SK MB ON QC NS NF AK, SK, MB-Smith 1989; NT-INHS; NF-Smith 1979a
A. coccinea (Fabricius, 1804) CAN ON
A. curvaria D.R. Smith, 1989 CAN BC
A. cyra (Kirby, 1882) CAN AK YT NT BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS NF NF-BIOUG
A. humeralis (Palisot de Beauvois, 1809) CAN ON
A. macleayi (Leach, 1817) CAN BC AB MB ON QC NB PE NS Smith 1989
A. ochropus (Gmelin, 1790) § CAN ON NS Hoebeke and Wheeler 2005
A. onerosa (MacGillivray, 1923) CAN YT NT BC MB ON QC NB
A. parena D.R. Smith, 1989 CAN AK YT NT BC AB Smith 1989
A. pectoralis (Leach, 1817) CAN BC AB SK MB ON QC NB PE NS Smith 1989
A. quidia D.R. Smith, 1989 CAN ON QC
A. scapularis (Klug, 1814) CAN ON QC
A. smithi Blank, Liston & Taeger, 2009 CAN MB ON QC Smith 1989
A. sparta (MacGillivray, 1923) CAN BC
A. tavida D.R. Smith, 1989 CAN BC
A. tumsua D.R. Smith, 1989 CAN ON QC
A. willi D.R. Smith, 1989 CAN MB ON QC NB NS
SUBFAMILY ATOMACERINAE
Genus Atomacera Say, 1836
Nearctic revision – Smith 1969a
Atomacera debilis Say, 1836 CAN ON
SUBFAMILY STERICTIPHORINAE
Genus Aproceros Malaise, 1931
A. leucopoda Takeuchi, 1939 § CAN QC CFIA 2020
Genus Schizocerella Forsius, 1927
Nearctic revision – Hartsough et al. 2007
S. lineata (Rohwer, 1909) CAN ON
S. pilicornis (Holmgren, 1868) CAN BC AB SK MB ON QC AB-INHS
Genus Sphacophilus Provancher, 1888
Nearctic revision – Smith 1971a
Subgenus Ceocolus D.R. Smith, 1971
S. nigriceps (Konow, 1906) CAN AB MB Smith 1971a
Subgenus Litocolus D.R. Smith, 1971
S. cellularis (Say, 1836) CAN ON QC
Genus Sterictiphora Billberg, 1820
Nearctic revision – Smith 1969a
S. cruenta D.R. Smith, 1969 CAN MB ON QC NB NS
S. maura (Cresson, 1880) CAN AB INHS
S. prunivora (Dyar, 1897) CAN QC NB
S. sericea (Norton, 1867) CAN ON QC NB LB
S. transversa D.R. Smith, 1969 CAN AK AB ON QC Smith 1969a
FAMILY CIMBICIDAE
SUBFAMILY ABIINAE
Genus Abia Leach, 1817
A. americana (Cresson, 1880) (species complex) CAN AK BC AB SK MB ON QC NS NF AK-Smith 1979a; BC-BIOUG; NS-Goulet 1987
A. fasciata (Linnaeus, 1758) § CAN QC NF
A. inflata (Norton, 1861) CAN YT NT BC AB SK MB ON QC NB LB
A. kennicotti Norton, 1867 CAN BC AB ON QC
A. lonicerae (Linnaeus, 1758)§ CAN ON
SUBFAMILY CIMBICINAE
Genus Cimbex Olivier, 1791
C. americanus Leach, 1817 (species complex) CAN AK YT NT BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS NF
C. semidea (Cresson, 1880) CAN YT BC AB ON BC-INHS
Genus Trichiosoma Leach, 1817
T. aleutianum Cresson, 1880 AK Smith 1979a
T. crassum W.F. Kirby, 1882 CAN NT Smith 1979a
T. triangulum W. Kirby, 1837 (species complex) CAN AK YT NT NU BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS LB NF
FAMILY DIPRIONIDAE
Key to Nearctic genera and species checklist – Smith 1974a
SUBFAMILY DIPRIONINAE
Genus Diprion Schrank, 1802
D. similis (Hartig, 1836)§ CAN MB ON QC NB PE NS NF MB-Wong and Tidsbury 1983; NB, PE, NS, NF-Lyons 2014
Genus Gilpinia Benson, 1939
G. frutetorum (Fabricius, 1793)§ CAN ON QC Smith 1979a
G. hercyniae (Hartig, 1837)§ CAN MB ON QC NB PE NS LB NF Wong 1972; Bowers et al. 1993; Turnock and Melvin 1963
Genus Neodiprion Rohwer, 1918
Nearctic revision – Ross 1955
N. abbotii (Leach, 1817) CAN AB ON QC NB
N. abietis (T.W. Harris, 1841) CAN AK BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS LB NF Smith 1979a
N. burkei Middleton, 1931 CAN BC AB ON
N. compar (Leach, 1817) CAN ON QC NB Atwood and Peck 1943
N. dubiosus Schedl, 1933 CAN ON
N. fulviceps (Cresson, 1880) CAN BC
N. lecontei (Fitch, 1858) CAN ON QC NB Coppel and Benjamin 1965
N. maurus Rohwer, 1918 CAN MB ON QC Lawrence and Melvin 1967
N. mundus Rohwer, 1918 CAN BC
N. nanulus Schedl, 1933 CAN BC AB MB ON QC NB NS Ciesla and Smith 2011
N. nigroscutum Middleton, 1933 CAN ON
N. pinetum (Norton, 1869) CAN ON QC NB NF Atwood and Peck 1943
N. pratti (Dyar, 1899) CAN MB ON QC NB NS MB-Turnock and Melvin 1963; NB, NS-Smith 1979a
N. rugifrons Middleton, 1933 CAN MB ON
N. scutellatus Rohwer, 1918 CAN BC
N. sertifer (Geoffroy, 1785) § CAN SK ON Looney et al. 2016
N. swainei Middleton, 1931 CAN BC MB ON QC NB Wallace 1959; Smith 1979a
N. tsugae Middleton, 1933 CAN AK BC
N. virginianus Rohwer, 1918 CAN MB ON QC NB NS
SUBFAMILY MONOCTENINAE
Genus Monoctenus Dahlbom, 1835
M. fulvus (Norton, 1872) CAN SK MB ON QC NS
M. melliceps (Cresson, 1880) CAN ON
M. suffusus (Cresson, 1880) CAN ON QC Smith 1979a
FAMILY PERGIDAE
Nearctic checklist – Smith 2006a
Genus Acordulecera Say, 1836
A. dorsalis Say, 1836 CAN ON QC NS Goulet 1987
A. maculata MacGillivray, 1908 CAN QC
A. mellina MacGillivray, 1908 CAN ON QC NS Goulet 1987
A. pellucida (Konow, 1898) CAN ON CAN-Smith 2006a; ON-INHS
FAMILY TENTHREDINIDAE
SUBFAMILY ALLANTINAE
Nearctic revision – Smith 1979b
Genus Allantus Panzer, 1801
A. albolabris (Rohwer, 1917) CAN AK BC AB SK
A. basalis (Klug, 1818) § CAN NS NF
A. cinctus (Linnaeus, 1758) § CAN BC ON QC NB NS NF ON, NB-Smith 1979b; NS-BIOUG
A. mellipes (Norton, 1861) CAN NT AB SK MB ON QC NB NS
A. rahmus D.R. Smith, 1979 CAN AK NT AK-USNM
A. umbonatus Wong, 1966 CAN BC AB SK MB ON QC
A. viennensis (Shrank, 1781) CAN ON
Genus Ametastegia Costa, 1882
A. angusta (Kincaid, 1900) CAN AK BC
A. aperta (Norton, 1861) CAN AK AB MB ON QC NS NF Smith 1979b
A. articulata (Klug, 1818) CAN ON QC NB
A. coloradensis (Weldon, 1907) CAN AK YT BC AB LB
A. equiseti (Fallén, 1808) CAN AK NT BC SK ON QC PE NS
A. glabrata (Fallén, 1808) § CAN BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS
A. pallipes (Spinola, 1808) § CAN AK BC AB ON QC NB NS NF AK-UAM
A. recens (Say, 1836) CAN AK BC NF* Smith 1979a
A. rocia D.R. Smith, 1979 CAN NT ON QC NB
A. tenera (Fallén, 1808) § CAN AK BC ON QC NB AK-USNM
A. xenia D.R. Smith, 1979 CAN ON QC NB NS NF Smith 1979b
Genus Aphilodyctium Ashmead, 1898
A. fidum (Cresson, 1880) CAN BC AB SK MB ON QC NS
Genus Dimorphopteryx Ashmead, 1898
D. abnormis Rohwer, 1911 CAN SK ON QC NB
D. melanognathus Rohwer, 1910 CAN ON QC NB PE NS NF Smith 1979b
D. pinguis (Norton, 1860) CAN SK MB ON QC NB PE NS Smith 1979b
D. virginica Rohwer, 1911 CAN ON QC NS
Genus Empria Lepeletier, 1828
E. alpina Benson, 1938 CAN YT NT NU BC Smith 1979b
E. candidata (Fallén, 1808) CAN AK YT NT BC AB MB ON QC NB NS SK-INHS
E. coryli (Dyar, 1897) CAN QC
E. evansi D.R. Smith, 1980 CAN AB Smith 1980a
E. ignota (Norton, 1867) CAN AK YT NT BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS LB NF Smith 1979b
E. improba (Cresson, 1880) CAN AK YT NT BC AB SK MB ON QC NS LB
E. maculata (Norton, 1861) CAN AK YT BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS LB
E. multicolor (Norton, 1862) CAN BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS NF NF-INHS
E. nordica Ross, 1936 CAN NT MB ON QC
E. obscurata (Cresson, 1880) CAN AK YT NT NU BC AB SK MB ON QC NB LB Smith 1979b
Genus Eriocampa Hartig, 1837
E. juglandis (Fitch, 1857) CAN ON QC NB
E. ovata (Linnaeus, 1760) § CAN AK BC AB ON QC AK-USNM
Genus Macremphytus MacGillivray, 1908
M. lovetti MacGillivray, 1923 CAN BC AB
M. semicornis (Say, 1836) CAN BC AB SK MB ON QC NF SK-INHS; MB, NF-Smith 1979b
M. tarsatus (Say, 1836) CAN ON QC NB NS NF Smith 1979b
M. testaceus (Norton, 1861) CAN BC AB SK MB ON QC NB Smith 1979b
Genus Monostegia Costa, 1859
M. abdominalis (Fabricius, 1798) § CAN ON QC
Genus Monsoma MacGillivray, 1908
M. inferentium (Norton, 1868) CAN BC AB MB ON QC NB NS LB NF Smith 1979b
M. pulveratum (Retzius, 1783) § CAN AK NF Kruse et al. 2010
Genus Phrontosoma MacGillivray, 1908
P. belfragei (Cresson, 1880) CAN AB MB ON QC NS
P. brocca D.R. Smith, 1979 CAN AB MB QC Smith 1980a
P. usta D.R. Smith, 1979 CAN ON QC
Genus Pseudosiobla Ashmead, 1898
P. excavata (Norton, 1862) CAN QC
Genus Taxonus Hartig, 1837
T. borealis MacGillivray, 1895 CAN ON QC NS LB NF Smith 1979b
T. epicera (Say, 1836) CAN ON QC
T. pallicoxus (Provancher, 1885) CAN BC AB MB ON QC NB NS Smith 1979b
T. pallidicornis (Norton, 1868) CAN ON QC
T. pallipes (Say, 1823) CAN ON QC
T. proximus (Provancher, 1885) CAN MB ON QC NS
T. rufocinctus (Norton, 1860) CAN ON QC
T. spiculatus (MacGillivray, 1908) CAN ON QC
T. terminalis (Say, 1824) CAN SK MB ON QC NB PE NS
SUBFAMILY ATHALIINAE
Genus Athalia Leach, 1817
Nearctic distribution – Hoebeke et al. 2011
A. cornubiae Benson, 1931 § CAN ON
SUBFAMILY BLENNOCAMPINAE
Nearctic revision – Smith 1969c
Genus Apareophora Sato, 1928
A. dyari (Benson, 1930) CAN ON QC NB
A. rossi D.R. Smith, 1969 CAN ON
Genus Ardis Konow, 1886
A. atrata (Harrington, 1894) CAN BC
A. pallipes (Serville, 1823) § CAN AK NT BC AB SK MB ON QC NS AK-USNM; Goulet 1987
Genus Blennogeneris MacGillivray, 1923
B. coloradensis (Rohwer, 1911) CAN MB
B. spissipes (Cresson, 1880) CAN BC AB SK MB ON
Genus Claremontia Rohwer, 1909
C. conspiculata (MacGillivray, 1908) CAN ON QC NS
C. osgoodi (D.R. Smith, 1969) CAN ON
C. paupera (Provancher, 1882) CAN AB SK ON QC LB Smith 1969c
C. quebecensis (D.R. Smith, 1969) CAN ON QC
C. typica Rohwer, 1909 CAN BC
Genus Eupareophora Enslin, 1914
E. parca (Cresson, 1880) CAN AB SK MB ON QC NB Williams 2007; Smith 1969c
Genus Eutomostethus Enslin, 1914
E. ephippium (Panzer, 1798) § CAN BC ON QC NB NS NF
E. luteiventris (Klug, 1816) § CAN AK BC AB ON QC NS AK-USNM
Genus Halidamia Benson, 1939
H. affinis (Fallén, 1807) § CAN BC ON
Genus Lagonis Ross, 1937
L. nevadensis (Cresson, 1880) CAN AK BC AB AK-USNM; Smith 1969c
Genus Lycaota Konow, 1903
L. sodalis (Cresson, 1880) CAN BC AB SK
Genus Monardis Enslin, 1914
M. pulla D.R. Smith, 1969 CAN BC AB SK
Genus Monophadnoides Ashmead, 1898
M. atrata (MacGillivray, 1893) CAN AK NT BC AK-USNM
M. rubi (T.W. Harris, 1845) CAN AK NT BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS LB NF AK-USNM; Goulet 1987
Genus Monophadnus Hartig, 1837
M. aequalis MacGillivray, 1908 CAN AB SK MB ON QC
M. contortus (MacGillivray, 1923) CAN YT BC Smith 1969c
M. lattini D.R. Smith, 1969 CAN MB
M. pallescens (Gmelin, 1790)§ CAN AK BC ON QC NB NS NF AK-USNM
Genus Paracharactus MacGillivray, 1908
P. niger (Harrington, 1889) CAN ON QC NS Goulet 1987
P. rudis (Norton, 1861) CAN SK MB ON QC NS Goulet 1987
Genus Periclista Konow, 1886
P. albicollis (Norton, 1872) CAN ON Smith 1969c
P. diluta (Cresson, 1880) CAN ON Smith 1969c
P. marginicollis (Norton, 1861) CAN ON Smith 1979a
P. media (Norton, 1864) CAN MB Smith 1979a
Genus Phymatocera Dahlbom, 1835
Key to species – Goulet 1981
P. fumipennis (Norton, 1861) CAN ON QC
P. racemosae D.R. Smith, 1969 CAN BC AB SK MB ON QC NS Goulet 1987
P. rusculla (MacGillivray, 1923) CAN BC AB SK MB ON QC
P. similata (MacGillivray, 1908) CAN BC AB SK MB ON QC SK-INHS
P. smilacinae D.R. Smith, 1969 CAN ON QC NS ON-DEBU; QC-Smith 1969c; NS-Goulet 1987
Genus Rhadinoceraea Konow, 1886
R. aldrichi (MacGillivray, 1923) CAN BC AB
R. insularis (Kincaid, 1900) CAN AK BC QC Smith 1969c
R. nubilipennis (Norton, 1867) CAN QC NB
Genus Stethomostus Benson, 1939
S. fuliginosus (Shrank, 1781)§ CAN QC NB NS
Genus Tethida Ross, 1937
T. barda (Say, 1836) CAN SK MB ON QC NB NS Goulet 1987
Genus Tomostethus Konow, 1886
T. multicinctus (Rohwer, 1909) CAN ON
Genus Waldheimia Brullé, 1846
W. carbonaria (Cresson, 1880) CAN SK ON QC NS Goulet 1987
W. vitis (T.W. Harris, 1832) CAN ON
SUBFAMILY HETERARTHRINAE
Nearctic Revision – Smith 1971b
Genus Caliroa Costa, 1859
C. annulipes (Klug, 1816) § CAN BC ON Smith 1979a
C. cerasi (Linnaeus, 1758) § CAN BC ON QC
C. dionae Smith & Moisan-De Serres, 2017 CAN QC Smith and Moisan-De Serres 2017
C. distincta D.R. Smith, 1971 CAN BC
C. fasciata (Norton, 1864) CAN ON QC
C. hyalina D.R. Smith, 1971 CAN NB
C. labrata MacGillivray, 1909 CAN BC AB
C. liturata MacGillivray, 1909 CAN NB
C. lobata MacGillivray, 1909 CAN BC ON QC NS Goulet 1987
C. lorata MacGillivray, 1909 CAN ON
C. lunata MacGillivray, 1909 CAN ON NS NF* Goulet 1987; Smith 1979a
C. obsoleta (Norton, 1867) CAN AB ON QC NB Raizenne 1957
C. petiolata D.R. Smith, 1971 CAN ON
C. quercuscoccineae (Dyar, 1894) CAN ON QC
Genus Endelomyia Ashmead, 1898
E. aethiops (Gmelin, 1790) § CAN BC ON QC NB NS NF
Genus Fenella Westwood, 1839
F. nigrita Westwood, 1839 CAN BC ON NS
Genus Fenusa Leach, 1817
Subgenus Fenusa Leach, 1817
F. dohrnii (Tischbein, 1846) § CAN BC AB SK ON NB NS NF Smith 1971b
F. pumila Leach, 1817 § Note: not seen in many urban areas in last 30 years. CAN AK NT BC AB SK ON QC NB PE NS NF Snyder et al. 2007; Digweed and Langor 2004; Digweed et al. 2009
Subgenus Kaliofenusa Viereck, 1910
F. ulmi Sundevall, 1847 § CAN BC ON QC PE NS Looney et al. 2016
Genus Fenusella Enslin, 1912
Note: some species limits in Fenusella are unclear. Fenusella wuestneii (Konow) has previously been recorded from the far north of North America (Smith 1979a: QC to AK), but is likely not the same as F. wuestneii in Europe because in Europe this is a more southern species on a southern host. More study is required to determine if far northern Nearctic specimens of Fenusella are F. alaskana, F. septentrionalis (Koch) or F. wuestneii.
F. alaskana Kincaid, 1900 CAN AK BC Kincaid 1900; Smith 1971b
F. hortulana (Klug, 1818) § CAN NS
F. leucostoma (Rohwer, 1910) CAN AK AB SK QC NB Smith 1971b
F. nana (Klug, 1816) § CAN BC ON QC NB PE NS NF Digweed et al. 2009
F. populifoliella (Townsend, 1893) CAN AB MB ON NB Smith 1979a
Genus Heterarthrus Stephens, 1835
H. nemoratus (Fallén, 1808) § CAN AK NT BC AB SK ON QC NB NS NF AK-Snyder et al. 2007; NT, AB, SK-Digweed et al. 2009
H. vagans (Fallén, 1808) § CAN BC
Genus Metallus Forbes, 1885
Distribution and biology of Nearctic species – Eiseman and Smith (2017)
M. capitalis (Norton, 1867) CAN AK BC AB MB ON QC NB NS NF AK-Smith 1979a; AB-BIOUG; NB-Smith 1971b
M. lanceolatus (Thomson, 1870) § CAN BC ON QC NS Hoebeke and Wheeler 2005
M. rohweri MacGillivray, 1909 CAN ON QC NB NS Eiseman and Smith 2017
Genus Nefusa Ross, 1951
N. ambigua (Norton, 1867) CAN AB ON QC NS AB-BIOUG; Goulet 1987
Genus Profenusa MacGillivray, 1914
P. alumna (MacGillivray, 1923) CAN ON
P. canadensis (Marlatt, 1895) CAN AB ON QC NB
P. lucifex (Ross, 1936) CAN ON QC
P. thomsoni (Konow, 1886) § CAN AK YT NT BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS NF AK-Digweed et al. 1997; YT, NT, BC, AB, SK, NB, NS; NF-Digweed et al. 2009
Genus Scolioneura Konow, 1890
S. vaccinii D.R. Smith & Eiseman, 2015 CAN BC
S. vicina Konow, 1894 § CAN AB ON PE NF Digweed et al. 2009
Genus Setabara Ross, 1951
S. histrionica (MacGillivray, 1909) CAN BC MB
SUBFAMILY NEMATINAE
Genus Anoplonyx Marlatt, 1896
Key to Nearctic larvae – Wong 1955
A. canadensis Harrington, 1902 CAN YT BC SK MB ON QC NB NF Smith 1979a
A. laricivorus (Rohwer & Middleton, 1932) CAN BC AB
A. luteipes (Cresson, 1880) CAN YT BC AB MB ON QC NB NF* YT, BC-Smith 1979a; AB, NF-Wong 1955
A. occidens Ross, 1937 CAN BC
Genus Caulocampus Rohwer, 1912
Revision – Smith 1968
C. acericaulis (MacGillivray, 1906) CAN ON QC NS
C. matthewsi D.R. Smith, 1968 CAN NS Goulet 1987
Genus Cladius Illiger, 1807
Nearctic revision – Smith 1974b
Subgenus Cladius Illiger, 1807
C. pectinicornis (Geoffroy, 1785) § = C. difformis (Panzer, 1799) CAN AK YT BC SK ON QC NS AK-UAM; QC, NS-Smith 1974b
Subgenus Priophorus Dahlbom, 1835
C. betulae (Rohwer, 1922) CAN AB MB ON QC NF* Smith 1974b
C. brullei (Dahlbom, 1835) § CAN BC AB ON QC NB Smith 1980a
C. compressicornis (Fabricius, 1804) § CAN AK YT BC AB MB ON QC NS NF Smith 1974b
C. infuscatus (MacGillivray, 1916) CAN ON
Subgenus Trichiocampus Hartig, 1837
C. grandis (Serville, 1823) § CAN BC ON QC NS NF* Smith 1974b
C. gregarius Dyar, 1895 CAN BC ON QC
C. simplicornis Norton, 1869 CAN NT SK MB ON QC NB NS NT-INHS
Genus Craterocercus Rohwer, 1911
C. fraternalis (Norton, 1872) CAN ON NS
Genus Dineura Dahlbom, 1835
D. militaris (Cresson, 1880) = Hemichroa amelanchieridis (Rohwer, 1920) CAN AK BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS Smith 1979a; Goulet 1987
Genus Euura Newman, 1837
Holarctic distributions of former genus AmauronematusBenson 1962; partial key to Nearctic species of former genus PachynematusRoss 1945; review of Eastern US species of former genus PhyllocolpaSmith and Fritz 1996; key to Nearctic species of former genus PikonemaRoss 1938; revisions of former genus Tubpontania: – Zinovjev and Viberg 1999; Vikberg 2010.
Note: Prous et al. 2014 synonymized many genera with Euura and did not recognize subgenera.
E. abnormis (Holmgren, 1883) = Amauronematus abnormis (Holmgren, 1883) CAN AK NU MacGillivray 1919
E. acutiserra (Lindqvist, 1949) = Phyllocolpa acutiserra (Lindquist, 1949) CAN MB Benson 1960
E. agama (Rohwer, 1912), comb. nov. = Phyllocolpa agama (Rohwer, 1912) CAN AB MB ON QC
E. alaskensis (Rohwer, 1911), comb. nov. = Pikonema alaskensis (Rohwer, 1911) CAN AK NT* BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NF AK, NF-Smith 1979a; NT-Kusch and Cerezke 1991
E. amentorum (Förster, 1854) = Amauronematus amentorum (Förster, 1854) CAN AK YT NT NU MB ON QC NS GL AK-USNM; Benson 1962
E. annulata (Gimmerthal, 1834) = Pachynematus annulatus (Gimmerthal, 1834) CAN AK YT NT MB NB Smith 1979a
E. anolita (Ross, 1951), comb. nov. = Pachynematus anolita Ross, 1951 CAN AB
E. arctophilae (Benson, 1960), comb. nov. = Tubpontania arctophilae (Benson, 1960) CAN MB
E. atra (Jurine, 1807) § CAN AK AB ON QC NB PE AK-USNM; Smith 1979a
E. atrata (MacGillivray, 1919) = Pontania atrata MacGillivray, 1919 CAN YT
E. atriceps (Marlatt, 1896), comb. nov. = Nematus atriceps (Marlatt, 1896) CAN AK BC AB MB Poinar and Smith 2003
E. attus (D.R. Smith, 1979), comb. nov. = Nematus attus D.R. Smith, 1979 CAN QC Smith 1979a
E. aurantiaca (Marlatt, 1896), comb. nov. = Pachynematus aurantiacus Marlatt, 1896 CAN BC AB MB ON QC Ross 1945
E. beckettae (Benson, 1960), comb. nov. = Pontania beckettae Benson, 1960 CAN MB
E. borealis (Marlatt, 1892), comb. nov. = Amauronematus borealis (Marlatt, 1892) GL Fox 1892
E. bozemani (Cooley, 1903), comb. nov. = Phyllocolpa bozemani (Cooley, 1903) CAN AB SK MB ON Smith 1979a; MB-INHS
E. brunnea (Norton, 1864) = Amauronematus brunneus (Norton, 1864) CAN SK MB Smith 1979a
E. calais (W.F. Kirby, 1882), comb. nov. = Nematus calais W.F. Kirby, 1882 CAN AK AB ON QC NB AK-USNM
E. chalcea (Marlatt, 1896), comb. nov. = Nematus chalceus (Marlatt, 1896) CAN AK BC Smith 1979a
E. clibrichella (Cameron, 1878) = Pachynematus clibrichellus (Cameron, 1878) CAN AK YT NT NU SK MB QC
E. clitellata (Serville, 1823) = Pachynematus clitellatus (Serville, 1823) CAN AK NU AB MB ON QC LB Smith 1979a
E. clypeata (Marlatt, 1896), comb. nov. = Pachynematus clypeatus Marlatt, 1896 CAN AB MB Smith 1979a
E. coloradensis (Marlatt, 1896), comb. nov. = Nematus coloradensis (Marlatt, 1896) CAN AB Smith 1979a
E. completa (MacGillivray, 1919), comb. nov. = Amauronematus completus MacGillivray, 1919 AK
E. cooki (Marlatt, 1896), comb. nov. = Amauronematus cooki Marlatt, 1896 CAN ON
E. corniger (Norton, 1861), comb. nov. = Pachynematus corniger (Norton, 1861) CAN AK BC AB SK MB ON QC NB PE NS LB NF AK-INHS, Smith 1979a
E. cosensii Rohwer, 1915 CAN ON Rohwer 1915
E. crassicornis (Rohwer, 1912), comb. nov. = Phyllocolpa crassicornis Rohwer, 1912 CAN ON Zinovjev and Smith 1999
E. crassipes (Thomson, 1871) = Pontania crassipes (Thomson, 1871) CAN AK YT NT MB Smith 1979a
E. currani (Ross, 1951), comb. nov. = Nematus currani Ross, 1951 CAN AK BC AK-USNM; Curran 1926
E. dahlbomi (Thomson, 1871), comb. nov. = Amauronematus dahlbomi (Thomson, 1871) CAN YT MB
E. delicatula (MacGillivray, 1919) = Pontania arctica (MacGillivray, 1919) CAN AK YT NU MB AK, NU-MacGillivray 1919; MB-Benson 1960
E. digesta (MacGillivray, 1919), comb. nov. = Amauronematus digestus MacGillivray, 1919 AK
E. dimmockii (Cresson, 1880) = Pikonema dimmockii (Cresson, 1880) CAN NT* BC AB MB ON QC NB NS NF Smith 1979a
E. dolichura (Thomson, 1871) = Pontania dolichura (Thomson, 1871) CAN MB Benson 1960
E. dulichus (Wong, 1968), comb. nov. = Amauronematus dulichus (Wong, 1968) CAN AK NT
E. effrenata (MacGillivray, 1923), comb. nov. = Nematus effrenatus (MacGillivray, 1923) AK MacGillivray 1923a
E. egnatia (MacGillivray, 1919), comb. nov. = Amauronematus egnatia (MacGillivray, 1923) CAN AB MacGillivray 1923b
E. errata (MacGillivray, 1923), comb. nov. = Nematus erratus (MacGillivray, 1923) CAN AK MB Smith 1979a
E. excavata (Marlatt, 1896), comb. nov. = Phyllocolpa excavata (Marlatt, 1896) CAN AK NT MB Smith 1979a
E. excessa (MacGillivray, 1923), comb. nov. = Nematus excessus (MacGillivray, 1923) AK MacGillivray 1923a
E. excisa (Thomson, 1863) = Pachynematus excisus (Thomson, 1863) GL
E. extensicornis (Norton, 1861) = Pachynematus extensicornis (Norton, 1861) CAN BC AB SK ON QC NB Ross 1945
E. gregaria (Marlatt, 1896), comb. nov. = Pachynematus gregarius Marlatt, 1896 CAN ON QC NS
E. groenlandica (Malaise, 1933) = Amauronematus groenlandicus Malaise, 1933 CAN AK NT NU GL Benson 1962
E. hebes (Konow, 1907) = Amauronematus hebes Konow, 1907 CAN YT NT NU
E. helleni (Lindqvist, 1941) = Amauronematus helleni Lindqvist, 1941 CAN NT NU BC MB QC Benson 1962
E. histrio (Serville, 1823) = Amauronematus histrio (Serville, 1823) CAN AK MB ON AK-Smith 1979a; MB, ON-Benson 1962
E. hoppingi Ross, 1937 = Pontania hoppingi (Ross, 1937) CAN BC Smith 1979a
E. hudsoniimagnus (Dyar, 1895), comb. nov. = Nematus hudsoniimagnus Dyar, 1895 CAN AK BC MB ON NB Smith 1979a
E. hulteni (Malaise, 1931) = Amauronematus hulteni Malaise, 1931 CAN YT NT NU MB Benson 1962
E. indicata (MacGillivray, 1919), comb. nov. = Amauronematus indicatus MacGillivray, 1919 AK
E. iridescens (Cresson, 1880), comb. nov. = Nematus iridescens Cresson, 1880 CAN BC Smith 1979a
E. isolata (Kincaid, 1900), comb. nov. = Amauronematus isolatus Kincaid, 1900 CAN AK NU LB Kincaid 1900; MacGillivray 1919
E. itelmena (Malaise, 1931) = Amauronematus itelmena (Malaise, 1931) CAN NT* MB Smith 1979a; Benson 1962
E. jugicola (Thomson, 1871) = Nematus jugicola Thomson, 1871 CAN MB Smith 1979a
E. kukakiana (Kincaid, 1900), comb. nov. = Pontania kukakiana Kincaid, 1900 AK Kincaid 1900
E. lanatae Malaise, 1921 CAN AB MB Smith 1979a
E. leavitti (Rohwer, 1910), comb. nov. = Phyllocolpa leavitti (Rohwer, 1910) CAN QC NB Smith and Fritz 1996
E. leptocephalus (Thomson, 1863), comb. nov. = Nematus leptocephalus Thomson, 1863 CAN MB
E. leucapsis (Tischbein, 1846) = Phyllocolpa leucapsis (Tischbein, 1846) CAN AB Smith 1979a
E. leucolena (Brischke, 1883) = Amauronematus leucolenus (Brischke, 1883) CAN AK YT NT AB SK MB ON Benson 1962
E. limbata (Cresson, 1880), comb. nov. = Nematus limbatus Cresson, 1880 CAN SK ON QC NB Smith 1979a
E. lineata (Harrington, 1893), comb. nov. = Amauronematus lineatus (Harrington, 1893) CAN AK ON QC AK-USNM
E. longicauda (Hellén, 1948) = Amauronematus longicauda (Hellén, 1948) CAN BC MB
E. lucidae (Rohwer, 1912), comb. nov. = Pontania lucidae Rohwer, 1912 CAN ON Rohwer 1912
E. magus (Marlatt, 1896), comb. nov. = Nematus magus (Marlatt, 1896) CAN NT NU BC ON QC NB NT, BC-Smith 2004; NU-MacGillivray 1919
E. mariana (Ross, 1929), comb. nov. = Phyllocolpa mariana (Ross, 1929) CAN BC ON
E. marlatti (Dyar, 1895), comb. nov. = Nematus marlatti Dyar, 1895 CAN NF
E. microphyes (Förster, 1854) = Amauronematus microphyes (Förster, 1854) CAN ON Benson 1962
E. moerens (Förster, 1854), comb. nov. = Pachynematus moerens (Förster, 1854) CAN AK AB Smith 1979a
E. montivaga (Marlatt, 1896) = Pachynematus montivagus (Marlatt, 1896) AK AK-USNM
E. mucronata (Hartig, 1837) = E. gallae (Newman, 1837) (see Liston and Prous 2014) CAN AK MB NB Benson 1962
E. myrtillifoliae (Benson, 1960), comb. nov. = Pontania myrtillifoliae Benson, 1960 CAN MB
E. neglecta (W.F. Kirby, 1882) = Amauronematus neglectus (Kirby, 1882) CAN YT NT BC MB ON QC
E. nigra Norton, 1867 CAN LB Norton 1867
E. nigrella Rohwer, 1912 CAN ON Rohwer 1912
E. nigrita (Marlatt, 1896), comb. nov. = Phyllocolpa nigrita (Marlatt, 1896) CAN QC
E. nigriventris (Holmgren, 1883) = Nematus nigriventris Holmgren, 1883 AK
E. nitidipleuris (Malaise, 1931) = Amauronematus nitidipleuris Malaise, 1931 CAN YT BC MB GL Benson 1962
E. obducta (Hartig, 1837) = Pachynematus obductus (Hartig, 1837) CAN BC QC GL Smith 1979a; Vilhelmsen 2015
E. obscuripes (Holmgren, 1883) = Amauronematus obscuripes (Holmgren, 1883) CAN AK NT NU
E. oligospila (Förster, 1854) = Nematus oligospilus Förster, 1854 CAN AK YT NT BC AB SK MB ON QC NB AK-Smith 1979a; NT-INHS; AB-MacGillivray 1923b
E. ora (Kincaid, 1900) = Pontania ora Kincaid, 1900 AK Kincaid 1900
E. orbitalis Norton, 1862 CAN ON
E. oregonensis (Marlatt, 1896), comb. nov. = Amauronematus oregonensis Marlatt, 1896 AK USNM
E. pallistigmus (Rohwer, 1910) CAN NB Rohwer 1910
E. parvilabris (Thomson, 1863), comb. nov. = Pachynematus parvilabris (Thomson, 1863) CAN NU GL Smith 1979a
E. peninsularis (Kincaid, 1900), comb. nov. = Pontania peninsularis Kincaid, 1900 AK Kincaid 1900
E. pepii (Ross, 1929), comb. nov. = Phyllocolpa pepii (Ross, 1929) CAN BC
E. petiolaridis (Rohwer, 1917), comb. nov. = Pontania petiolaridis Rohwer, 1917 CAN ON Rohwer 1917
E. pinguidorsum (Dyar, 1895), comb. nov. = Nematus pinguidorsum Dyar, 1895 CAN SK MB ON QC Wong 1954
E. placenta (Norton, 1867), comb. nov. = Pontania placenta (Norton, 1867) CAN PE LB Norton 1867
E. pleurica (Norton, 1867), comb. nov. = Pachynematus pleuricus (Norton, 1867) CAN AK AB SK AK-USNM
E. poecilonota (Zaddach, 1876) = Nematus poecilonotus Zaddach, 1876 CAN AK SK MB ON QC Smith 1979a
E. polaris (Holmgren, 1883) = Nematus polaris Holmgren, 1883 CAN AK NT AB Smith 1979a
E. popuella (Ross, 1929), comb. nov. = Phyllocolpa popuella (Ross, 1929) CAN MB ON NB
E. populi (Marlatt, 1896), comb. nov. = Tubpontania populi (Marlatt, 1896) CAN ON NB
E. pravus (Konow, 1895) = Nematus pravus (Konow, 1895) CAN AK MB
E. proxima (Serville, 1823) = Pontania proxima (Serville, 1823) CAN BC ON QC NB
E. pumila (Rohwer, 1910), comb. nov. = Tubpontania pumila (Rohwer, 1910) CAN NB Rohwer 1910
E. quadrifasciata (MacGillivray, 1919), comb. nov. = Amauronematus quadrifasciatus (MacGillivray, 1919) CAN NT
E. reticulata (Holmgren, 1883) = Nematus reticulatus Holmgren, 1883 CAN AK YT NT NU BC MB QC LB Benson 1962
E. ribesii (Scopoli, 1763) § = Nematus ribesii (Scopoli, 1763) CAN AK BC SK MB ON QC NB NS AK-USNM
E. robusta (Marlatt, 1896), comb. nov. = Phyllocolpa robusta (Marlatt, 1896) CAN ON QC
E. rotundidentata (Zinovjev & Vikberg, 1999), comb. nov. = Tubpontania rotundidentata (Zinovjev & Vikberg, 1999) CAN ON QC Zinovjev and Vikberg 1999
E. ruralis (Cresson, 1880), comb. nov. = Pikonema rurale (Cresson, 1880) CAN BC AB
E. sagmarius (Konow, 1895) = Amauronematus sagmarius Konow, 1895 CAN AK YT NT NU BC AB SK MB ON Benson 1962
E. salicisdesmodioides (Walsh, 1866), comb. nov. = Pontania salicisdesmodioides (Walsh, 1866) CAN ON
E. salicisnodus Walsh, 1866 CAN MB ON
E. salicisodoratus (Dyar, 1894), comb. nov. = Nematus salicisodoratus Dyar, 1894 CAN AK MB ON QC NB AK, ON-USNM
E. salicispisum (Walsh, 1866), comb. nov. = Pontania salicispisum (Walsh, 1866) CAN ON QC
E. salicispomum (Walsh, 1866), comb. nov. = Pontania salicispomum (Walsh, 1866) CAN ON
E. semilactea (Zaddach, 1883) = Amauronematus semilacteus (Zaddach, 1883) CAN YT BC SK
E. serissimae Rohwer, 1912 CAN ON Rohwer 1912
E. setator (Ross, 1945), comb. nov. = Pachynematus setator Ross, 1945 CAN ON
E. smithae (Ross, 1945) = Pachynematus smithae Ross, 1945 CAN NU
E. spiraeae (Zaddach, 1883) § = Nematus spiraeae Zaddach, 1883 CAN QC Moisan-De Serres and Smith 2017
E. sporax (Ross, 1945), comb. nov. = Pachynematus sporax Ross, 1945 CAN AK SK AK-USNM; Ross 1945
E. stenogaster (Förster, 1854) = Amauronematus stenogaster (Förster, 1854) = Amauronematus fallax auct. CAN AK YT NU BC AB MB ON NS Benson 1962
E. stipata (MacGillivray, 1921), comb. nov. = Phyllocolpa stipata (MacGillivray, 1921) AK MacGillivray 1921
E. stordalensis (Strand, 1905), comb. nov. = Amauronematus stordalensis (Strand, 1905) CAN AK YT NU BC MacGillivray 1919
E. subatrata (MacGillivray, 1921), comb. nov. = Pontania subatrata MacGillivray, 1921 AK MacGillivray 1921
E. sublorata (MacGillivray, 1921), comb. nov. = Pontania sublorata MacGillivray, 1921 AK MacGillivray 1921
E. subpallida (MacGillivray, 1919), comb. nov. = Nematus subpallidus (MacGillivray, 1919) CAN NU
E. sueta (MacGillivray, 1921), comb. nov. = Pontania sueta MacGillivray, 1921 AK MacGillivray 1921
E. superba (Provancher, 1885), comb. nov. = Nematus superbus (Provancher, 1885) CAN QC Smith 1975b
E. tibialis (Newman, 1837) = Nematus tibialis Newman, 1837 CAN ON
E. tillbergi (Malaise, 1921) = Amauronematus tillbergi Malaise, 1921 CAN AK NU BC
E. trifasciata (MacGillivray, 1919), comb. nov. = Amauronematus trifasciatus (MacGillivray, 1919) CAN NU
E. tundra (Kincaid, 1900), comb. nov. = Phyllocolpa tundra (Kincaid, 1900) CAN AK Smith 1979a
E. uvator (Ross, 1945), comb. nov. = Pachynematus uvator Ross, 1945 CAN BC SK Ross 1945; INHS
E. vaga (Fabricius, 1781) = Pachynematus vagus (Fabricius, 1781) CAN AB MB ON Smith 1979a
E. vancouverensis (Marlatt, 1896), comb. nov. = Nematus vancouverensis (Marlatt, 1896) CAN AK BC Smith 1979a; Marlatt 1896
E. variator (Ruthe, 1859) = Amauronematus variator (Ruthe, 1859) CAN AK YT NT NU BC MB LB
E. ventosa (MacGillivray, 1923), comb. nov. = Amauronematus ventosus MacGillivray, 1923 AK MacGillivray 1923a
E. ventralis (Say, 1824) = Nematus ventralis Say, 1824 CAN BC AB SK MB ON QC Smith 1979a
E. vicina (Serville, 1823) = Nematus vicinus Serville, 1823 = Nematus crassus (Fallén, 1808) CAN NT Benson 1962
E. viduata (Zetterstedt, 1838) = Amauronematus viduatus (Zetterstedt, 1838) CAN SK ON
E. villosa (Thomson, 1863) = Nematus villosus Thomson, 1863 CAN NU Smith 2008
E. whitneyi (Rohwer, 1920), comb. nov. = Amauronematus whitneyi Rohwer, 1920 AK Rohwer 1920
E. wrangeli (Marlatt, 1896), comb. nov. = Nematus wrangeli (Marlatt, 1896) AK Marlatt 1896
E. xantha (Rohwer, 1909), comb. nov. = Amauronematus xanthus Rohwer, 1909 CAN NT SK QC
E. zebratus (Kincaid, 1900), comb. nov. = Nematus zebratus (Kincaid, 1900) AK Kincaid 1900
Genus Fallocampus Wong, 1977
Key to Nearctic species (as Platycampus) – Smith 1976b
F. albostigmus (Rohwer, 1908) CAN AK NT BC AB SK MB ON NS Smith 1976b; Wong 1977; Smith 1979a
F. americanus (Marlatt, 1896) CAN AK AB ON QC NB Smith 1976b
Genus Hemichroa Stephens, 1835
Holarctic revision – Smith 1975a
H. crocea (Geoffroy, 1785) CAN AK NT BC MB ON QC NB PE NF Smith 1975a
Genus Hoplocampa Hartig, 1837
Nearctic revision – Ross 1943c
H. alpestris Rohwer, 1911 CAN BC AB Ross 1943c
H. bioculata Rohwer, 1908 CAN BC AB
H. brevis (Klug, 1816) § CAN ON
H. cookei (Clarke, 1906) CAN BC INHS
H. halcyon (Norton, 1861) CAN BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS Smith 1979a; Goulet 1987
H. lacteipennis Rohwer, 1910 CAN AB SK MB ON QC Ross 1943c
H. marlatti Rohwer, 1911 CAN AB MB NB NS Smith 1979a
H. montanicola Rohwer, 1911 CAN BC AB SK MB ON QC Ross 1943c
H. neneti Ross, 1943 CAN ON
H. pallipes MacGillivray, 1893 CAN BC AB Ross 1943c
H. spala Ross, 1943 CAN BC Ross 1943c
H. stricklandi Ross, 1943 CAN AB
H. testudinea (Klug, 1816) § Note: apparently eradicated in BC (Vincent et al. 2019) CAN BC ON QC NS Vincent et al. 2013; Burgart et al. 2016
Genus Kerita Ross, 1937
Nearctic revision of PseudodineuriniSmith 1976c
K. atira D.R. Smith, 1976 CAN AB
Genus Nematinus Rohwer, 1911
Nearctic revision – Smith 1986b
N. acuminatus (Thomson, 1871) = N. pontanioides (Marlatt, 1896) CAN AK BC
N. ochreatus (Rohwer, 1910) CAN BC AB ON NB
N. parsebenus D.R. Smith, 1986 CAN QC NS
N. unicolor (Dyar, 1895) CAN BC SK MB ON QC NS NF SK, MB-Wong 1954; NF-Smith 1979a
Genus Nematus Panzer, 1801
Note: Prous et al. 2014 synonymized several genera with Nematus, did not recognize subgenera, and moved some species to Euura.
Nearctic revision of former genus Craesus (= Croesus) – Smith 1972; Nearctic revision of former subgenus N. (Nematus) (most species) – Smith 2008
N. abbotii (W.F. Kirby, 1882) CAN ON
N. alniastri (Scharfenberg, 1805), comb. nov.§ = Craesus alniastri (Scharfenberg, 1805) CAN QC NS Smith 1972; Buckle 1930
N. castaneae (Rohwer, 1915), comb. nov. = Craesus castaneae Rohwer, 1915 CAN ON
N. erythrogaster Norton, 1864 CAN MB ON QC NB
N. laticulus (Norton, 1869) CAN ON Smith 2008
N. latifasciatus Cresson, 1880 CAN BC ON QC NB Smith 2008
N. latitarsus (Norton, 1862), comb. nov. = Craesus latitarsus Norton, 1862 CAN AK BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS NF Smith 1972
N. nigristigma (Provancher, 1885) CAN QC Smith 1975b
Note: type mostly destroyed, therefore generic identity relative to Prous et al. 2014 unclear (D. Smith, pers. comm.)
N. tertius D.R. Smith, 2008 CAN AB ON QC NB Smith 2008
N. umbratus Thomson, 1871 CAN ON QC Smith 1979a
N. wahlbergi Thomson, 1871§ CAN ON BIOUG
Genus Pristiphora Latreille, 1810
Note: Prous et al. 2014 synonymized several genera with Pristiphora and did not recognize subgenera.
Descriptions of some Nearctic species –Wong and Ross 1960; Distributions and new combinations of species previously in PristoliniSmith and Dolan 2016; European revision including synonymies and newly recorded Holarctic species – Prous et al. 2017.
P. abbreviata (Hartig, 1837) CAN BC ON
P. acidovalva Wong, 1969 CAN BC SK MB ON QC NB
P. aphanta Wong & Ross, 1960 CAN ON QC
P. appendiculata (Hartig, 1837) CAN BC AB SK MB ON QC NS NF
P. banksi Marlatt, 1896 CAN QC
P. bivittata (Norton, 1861) CAN BC SK MB ON QC NB PE NS
P. borea (Konow, 1904) CAN AK YT NT NU BC AB SK MB ON QC LB
P. breadalbanensis (Cameron, 1882) CAN AK YT NT NU BC AB SK MB QC
P. cadma Wong & Ross, 1960 CAN AK BC SK ON QC Smith 1979a
P. chlorea (Norton, 1867) CAN SK MB ON QC NB
P. cincta Newman, 1837 CAN AK YT NT NU BC AB MB ON QC NB NS LB NF
P. coactula (Ruthe, 1859) CAN AK YT NT NU BC AB SK MB QC LB NF
P. elaphita Wong & Ross, 1960 CAN BC AB SK
P. erichsonii (Hartig, 1837) § Note: introduced, but also naturally Holarctic (see Wong 1974) CAN AK YT NT BC AB SK MB ON QC NB PE NS LB NF AK-Richmond et al. 1995; NT, PE, NS-Ives and Muldrew 1984
P. ferruginosa (Wong, 1968) = Melastola ferruginosa Wong, 1968 CAN AK BC
P. frigida (Boheman, 1865) = P. gelida Wong, 1968 CAN AK YT NT NU AB
P. geniculata (Hartig, 1840) § CAN BC ON QC NB PE NS NF BIOUG
P. groenblomi (Lindqvist, 1952) AK Smith 1979a
P. hucksena Wong & Ross, 1960 CAN BC
P. insularis Rohwer, 1910 CAN AK BC AB Smith 1979a
P. labradoris (Norton, 1867) CAN YT NT AB MB ON LB Smith 1979a
P. lata (Cresson, 1880) CAN BC SK QC
P. lativentris (Thomson, 1871) CAN AK NT MB Smith 1979a
P. leechi Wong & Ross, 1960 CAN BC AB
P. lena Kincaid, 1900 CAN AK YT NT* BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS LB NF Smith 1979a
P. litura (Klug, 1816) = Neopareophora litura (Klug, 1816) CAN ON QC NB
P. macnabi (Ross, 1945) = Pristola macnabi Ross, 1945 CAN AK BC AB MB QC LB AK-Smith and Dolan 2016; AB, MB-Wong 1968
P. maura Rohwer, 1908 CAN AK YT NT AB MB QC
P. melanocarpa (Hartig, 1840) CAN AK YT NT NU MB QC
P. micronematica Malaise, 1931 CAN NT MB QC Smith 1979a
P. mollis (Hartig, 1837) CAN AK YT NT NU BC AB MB ON QC NB LB
P. nigra Marlatt, 1896 CAN BC